AKD DRIVE & AKM WASHDOWN ONE CABLE SOLUTION FOR GRINDING MACHINE
Cutting edge: The shark’s teeth
Saw blade manufacturer Alesa develops its own grinding machine
Sintered tools have a reputation in metal processing for being particularly hard-wearing and for maintaining their sharpness over an extended long period of time. However, processing saw blades, drills and milling tools proves to be time-consuming as a result of their particular hardness. This is why the saw blade professionals from Alesa in Switzerland started their own development process to design a grinding machine for circular saw blades. The fully automated, new Denta Combi 160 is designed for multi-shift operations. High-precision synchronous servo motors with robust Washdown coating from KOLLMORGEN is responsible for positioning the high-frequency grinding heads precisely.
With saw blades this involves getting right down to business – particularly when these are used in high-precision processing centers for metals. There are wide varieties of products available. These products range from saw blades made from HSS steel to elaborate material structures from a sintering process. Alesa ensures that the right sharpening is in place for both product lines with the Denta Combi 160. “Grinding this hard material involves the major challenge of dissipating the heat generated through water or oil as effectively as possible”, says Christian van Rijs, owner of K. Brunner AG and the spiritual father of Denta Combi. “The saw blades are so sensitive that temperatures at the edges are between 180 and 200+ degrees Celsius which can result in immediate changes in material performance. The structure deteriorates and the hardness reduces considerably.”
Washdown coating protects the motors
Van Rijs uses a high-pressure oil jet in the Denta Combi so that the teeth remain as cool as possible during chamfering. “Machines simply tolerate oil better than water. Cooling water has all kinds of additives in it which place a strain on the material and cause the machines to suffer.” However, as water is more effective than oil in absorbing the friction heat during grinding, the machine engineer has to increase the pressure for the oil supply – and also to integrate a CO2 extinguisher into the system. In order to prevent the positioning drives, located inside the processing center, from adverse damage through contact with the cooling liquid, the special-purpose machine builder from Gränichen in the Canton of Aargau uses specially coated synchronous servo motors from KOLLMORGEN.
The AKM® Washdown motors have coating made from a two component epoxy resin. This light gray coating protects the units from the impact of corrosive chemicals.
The extremely smooth surface also ensures that liquids are able to run off without residue. This makes cleaning the interior easier in Alesa’s new system, as the drive technology causes less contamination and neither the cooling liquid nor the grinding residues stick on a permanent basis. The performance of the motor's washdown-design is so robust that they are not affected by salt spray either – which is why they are even used in offshore applications with long service lives.
New technology that is easy to implement
The role of AKM Washdown servo motors in the tool grinding machine for circular saws with blade diameters of up to 160 millimeters involves three-dimensional positioning of the diamond grinding wheel via an XYZ multi-axis system. The grinding wheel itself is driven by a high-frequency motor. The workpiece is also adjusted notch by notch in a rotational axis to the grinding wheel by an AKM Washdown motor. This allows the workpiece to be completed within just a few minutes. Christian van Rijs had previously used boards developed by him to control these CNC processes, but now uses standardized processors and powerful EtherCAT® communication. “This made it very easy for me to transfer the existing software – which contains our essential knowledge and expertise – to the modern hardware.” This implementation was required in particular because older boards with ISA-bus communication were becoming increasingly difficult to procure.
The decision to use the AKM servo motors from KOLLMORGEN for the new grinding machine came down to the perfect coordination with the AKD servo drives as well as the existing EtherCAT system bus communication. The simple parameter settings and the fine-tuning options with the KOLLMORGEN Workbench were crucial factors in terms of the controllers. The simple configuration was a real advantage in engineering, particularly in combination with the CNC developed in-house. The AKD servo drives have the flexibly to be combined with components from other manufacturers, which is an absolute benefit in special-purpose machinery construction.
At this point the managing director of K. Brunner AG was generally on the lookout for a systems partner with a set of modules for servo drive technology that is as extensive as possible – both in terms of output as well as options such as washdown coating. “That’s the best solution for us”, says van Rijs. He notes that as a special-purpose machine builder it is important for him to obtain both small and large motors from one manufacturer on a continuous basis. The whole project involves intensive collaboration on the engineering side. As a result of previous projects with Kollmorgen, a true collaborative partnership developed and they were selected for the project.
Single-cable connection technology is absolutely beneficial
One further result of the co-engineering is the space-saving structure for the servo drive technology for the motion control. As the Denta Combi 160 is designed to be a compact machine, the room available for the installation is also correspondingly tight. “Connecting the motors using just one single cable is an enormous benefit for us as we only need to connect half the quantity”, explains Christian van Rijs regarding the use of the AKM Washdown servo motors with single-cable connection technology. “Four positioning drives, the high-frequency spindle for the grinding wheel, as well as several measuring systems, produce a bunch of cables. If we are able to reduce this number by half with the drive technology then we save space and can also be considerably more flexible.”
He states that flexibility is a major concern for machine builders, “since the cable loops also need to be moved with the rest of the system. This makes the overall design more complicated.” According to him each additional cable also means an increase in the risk of failure within MTBF calculations. “A nice flat cable loop lengthens the service life”, says Christian van Rijs. Ideally, he wants the cables to become thinner. Kollmorgen already features slim designs today with its hybrid cable, which is no more than 11 millimeters in diameter. However, the managing director of K. Brunner AG still sees potential for further developments. “If I use motors with relatively low output for positioning drives and these use just under 2A electricity, then cables that are maybe just 6 millimeters thick are enough, because the individual wires measure just 0.25 squared. We’re just used to building machines that are as small as possible. That’s our specialty.”
Author: Bc. Sc. Martin Rupf, KOLLMORGEN, Switzerland
Since its founding in 1916, Kollmorgen’s innovative solutions have brought big ideas to life, kept the world safer, and improved peoples’ lives. Today, its world-class knowledge of motion systems and components, industry-leading quality, and deep expertise in linking and integrating standard and custom products continually delivers breakthrough solutions that are unmatched in performance, reliability, and ease-of-use. This gives machine builders around the world an irrefutable marketplace advantage and provides their customers with ultimate peace-of-mind. For further information please contact [email protected] or visit our website www.kollmorgen.com/uk